Dokument-ID Dokumenttyp Verfasser/Autoren Herausgeber Haupttitel Abstract Auflage Verlagsort Verlag Erscheinungsjahr Seitenzahl Schriftenreihe Titel Schriftenreihe Bandzahl ISBN Quelle der Hochschulschrift Konferenzname Quelle:Titel Quelle:Jahrgang Quelle:Heftnummer Quelle:Erste Seite Quelle:Letzte Seite URN DOI Abteilungen
OPUS4-789 Arbeitspapier Rehbach, Frederik; Zaefferer, Martin; Stork, Jörg; Bartz-Beielstein, Thomas Comparison of Parallel Surrogate-Assisted Optimization Approaches The availability of several CPU cores on current computers enables parallelization and increases the computational power significantly. Optimization algorithms have to be adapted to exploit these highly parallelized systems and evaluate multiple candidate solutions in each iteration. This issue is especially challenging for expensive optimization problems, where surrogate models are employed to reduce the load of objective function evaluations. This paper compares different approaches for surrogate modelbased optimization in parallel environments. Additionally, an easy to use method, which was developed for an industrial project, is proposed. All described algorithms are tested with a variety of standard benchmark functions. Furthermore, they are applied to a real-world engineering problem, the electrostatic precipitator problem. Expensive computational fluid dynamics simulations are required to estimate the performance of the precipitator. The task is to optimize a gas-distribution system so that a desired velocity distribution is achieved for the gas flow throughout the precipitator. The vast amount of possible configurations leads to a complex discrete valued optimization problem. The experiments indicate that a hybrid approach works best, which proposes candidate solutions based on different surrogate model-based infill criteria and evolutionary operators. 2018 12 urn:nbn:de:hbz:832-cos4-7899 Fakultät für Informatik und Ingenieurwissenschaften (F10)
OPUS4-477 Arbeitspapier Zaefferer, Martin; Fischbach, Andreas; Naujoks, Boris; Bartz-Beielstein, Thomas Simulation-based Test Functions for Optimization Algorithms When designing or developing optimization algorithms, test functions are crucial to evaluate performance. Often, test functions are not sufficiently difficult, diverse, flexible or relevant to real-world applications. Previously, test functions with real-world relevance were generated by training a machine learning model based on real-world data. The model estimation is used as a test function. We propose a more principled approach using simulation instead of estimation. Thus, relevant and varied test functions are created which represent the behavior of real-world fitness landscapes. Importantly, estimation can lead to excessively smooth test functions while simulation may avoid this pitfall. Moreover, the simulation can be conditioned by the data, so that the simulation reproduces the training data but features diverse behavior in unobserved regions of the search space. The proposed test function generator is illustrated with an intuitive, one-dimensional example. To demonstrate the utility of this approach it is applied to a protein sequence optimization problem. This application demonstrates the advantages as well as practical limits of simulation-based test functions. 2017 12 urn:nbn:de:hbz:832-cos4-4777 Fakultät für Informatik und Ingenieurwissenschaften (F10)
OPUS4-432 Arbeitspapier Fischbach, Andreas; Zaefferer, Martin; Stork, Jörg; Friese, Martina; Bartz-Beielstein, Thomas From Real World Data to Test Functions When researchers and practitioners in the field of computational intelligence are confronted with real-world problems, the question arises which method is the best to apply. Nowadays, there are several, well established test suites and well known artificial benchmark functions available. However, relevance and applicability of these methods to real-world problems remains an open question in many situations. Furthermore, the generalizability of these methods cannot be taken for granted. This paper describes a data-driven approach for the generation of test instances, which is based on real-world data. The test instance generation uses data-preprocessing, feature extraction, modeling, and parameterization. We apply this methodology on a classical design of experiment real-world project and generate test instances for benchmarking, e.g. design methods, surrogate techniques, and optimization algorithms. While most available results of methods applied on real-world problems lack availability of the data for comparison, our future goal is to create a toolbox covering multiple data sets of real-world projects to provide a test function generator to the research community. 2016 24 urn:nbn:de:hbz:832-cos4-4326 Fakultät für Informatik und Ingenieurwissenschaften (F10)